What is raft foundation and when it is preferred?
a) Raft foundations are preferred in areas with poor soil bearing capacity, uneven settlement, and the presence of mixed soil types. These foundations achieves the load-bearing capacity through the distribution of stresses to a larger area.
Is a raft foundation expensive?
Raft foundations are relatively inexpensive and fast to put down, when compared with other types of foundation. Ground excavations are less onerous than for trench excavations, for example, and the foundation and floor slab can often be combined, giving significant savings on materials and time.
What is the difference between raft and pile foundation?
Difference between raft and pile foundation
The raft foundation or mat foundation is a prominent example of a shallow foundation. On the other hand, the pile foundation is an example of a deep foundation. This is one of the first and the most general point of difference between these two types of foundations.
What is the difference between strip and raft foundations?
Strip foundation is used to support a line of loads such as load-bearing walls. … Raft foundation consists of a concrete slab which extends over the entire loaded area so that loads from entire structure are spread over a large area leading to a reduction of the stress of foundation soils is reduced.