What is one effect of the bends on humans when they scuba dive?

What are the effects of the bends?

The most common signs and symptoms of the bends include joint pains, fatigue, low back pain, paralysis or numbness of the legs, and weakness or numbness in the arms. Other associated signs and symptoms can include dizziness, confusion, vomiting, ringing in the ears, head or neck pain, and loss of consciousness.

What are the side effects of scuba diving?

Diving does entail some risk. Not to frighten you, but these risks include decompression sickness (DCS, the “bends”), arterial air embolism, and of course drowning. There are also effects of diving, such as nitrogen narcosis, that can contribute to the cause of these problems.

Why do scuba divers need to worry the bends?

If they swim to the surface quickly, the dissolves gasses inside their body will react in much the same way as those inside a carbonated drink and come to surface in bubbles. This occurrence in a human body is called decompression sickness and can cause many problems, at very worst it can be fatal to a diver.

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What is the bends in scuba diving?

Decompression sickness: Often called “the bends,” decompression sickness happens when a scuba diver ascends too quickly. Divers breathe compressed air that contains nitrogen. At higher pressure under water, the nitrogen gas goes into the body’s tissues.

Why are the bends called the bends?

At the end of their working days, these poor workers were pulled up and returned to atmospheric pressure without any form of decompression. As a result of this, they often got decompression sickness and their joints were ‘bent’ out of shape.

What does skin bends look like?

Its primary symptom is a swelling of the skin, most often on the chest or arms. Swollen areas will have a pitted appearance, like the skin of an orange, and may be painful. If a swollen area is pressed lightly with the tip of a finger, the resulting indentation will remain for a few moments.

What are the long term effects of the bends?

The more severe type of decompression sickness most commonly results in neurologic symptoms, which range from mild numbness to paralysis and death. The spinal cord is especially vulnerable. Symptoms of spinal cord involvement can include numbness, tingling, weakness, or a combination in the arms, legs, or both.

How does the bends cause paralysis?

Damage to the brain can cause vision impairment, headaches, confusion and problems with balance and coordination. Cases that lead to strokes, seizures, paralysis and death are often due to arterial gas embolism: air bubbles that form in one place but get lodged in the heart, lung or brain.

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What causes the bends and how can a diver prevent its occurrence?

The Bends is an illness that arises from the rapid release of nitrogen gas from the bloodstream and is caused by bubbles forming in the blood and other tissues when a diver ascends to the surface of the ocean too rapidly. It is also referred to as Caisson sickness, decompression sickness (DCS), and Divers’ Disease.

What are bends How can we prevent it?

Scuba Diving Tips: How To Avoid Decompression Sickness — AKA The Bends

  1. TIP #1: Work Out. …
  2. TIP #2: Go Easy on the Sauce. …
  3. TIP #3: Go Easy on the Diving. …
  4. TIP #4: Have a Gas. …
  5. TIP #5: Take it Slow. …
  6. TIP #6: Stop, For Pete’s Sake. …
  7. TIP #7: Bundle Up. …
  8. TIP #8: Speak Your Mind.