What is footing in sailing?

What is pinching in sailing?

Pinching is when the boat is sailed too close to the wind direction, causing the angle of attack on the sail to be too narrow. This creates a large separation bubble of flow on the windward side of the sail, indicated by the luffing just behind the mast.

What is pointing in sailing?

A fetch is sailing close hauled upwind to a mark without needing to tack. The smaller the angle between the direction of the true wind and the course of the sailing craft, the higher the craft is said to point. A craft that can point higher (when it is as close-hauled as possible) is said to be more weatherly.

What are the positions in sailing?

These roles can be rotated and the entire crew can become familiar with the complete operation of the vessel.

  • Skipper. …
  • Engineer. …
  • Navigator. …
  • Helmsman. …
  • Trimmer. …
  • Dinghy Captain.

What is the base of a sail?

The foot is the bottom edge of the sail from the tack to the clew. The foot of a sail attaches to the boom. The luff is the forward or leading edge of a sail. The leech is the back edge of the sail.

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What is mast rake?

Mast rake is a measure of how far the mast is angled aft from a straight vertical. A typical mast rake ranges from one to one-and-a-half degrees on a cruising masthead rig to as much as four degrees on a fractional racing rig.

What is the term for sailing into the wind?

Tacking is a sailing maneuver by which a sailing vessel, whose desired course is into the wind, turns its bow toward and through the wind so that the direction from which the wind blows changes from one side of the boat to the other, allowing progress in the desired direction.

Why is it called irons in sailing?

The origin of in irons is logical. The term dates from when criminals aboard old sailing ships were secured to the deck with leg-irons, unable to move. It somehow, over time, got transferred to the ship itself being unable to move. … An alternative phrase to being in irons is to be in the no-go zone.

What is downwind in sailing?

Changing Course Downwind. A run or running free is essentially sailing with the wind pushing the boat from behind. When you fall off from close-hauled to reaching, you ease the sails to maintain a consistent angle to the wind.

What is a Pitman on a sailboat?

The pitman is a vital connection between the front and back of the boat, ensuring that everything runs smoothly. … Top grand-prix programs have pitmen that run the middle of the boat and are constantly communicating with the bow, trimmers, and afterguard.

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What do you call the crew on a sailboat?

sailor. noun. someone who works on a boat or ship.