What materials did Polynesians use?
In olden days, as metals did not exist yet, the Polynesian outrigger canoe was essentially made out of vegetal components. For instance, ropes were made out of coir as it was well-known for being water-resistant. They used stones, shells, wooden tools and even fish bones during the making process.
What Wood did Polynesians use?
It was prized because of the remarkable qualities of its timber. The heartwood being very durable; readily split and shaped. Often these canoes were hollowed out from a single Totara log; being chosen long before it was felled. The Māori also used the wood for large carvings and framing for whare (housing).
How did Polynesians build canoes?
Polynesians traveled on double-hull canoes connected by two crossbeams with a central platform that laid over them. The triangular sails were made out of specialized woven mats (see this blog for more information: Ancient Art of Tonga).
What did Polynesians make their sails out of?
The sails were made of mats woven from pandanus leaves. These vessels were seaworthy enough to make voyages of over 2,000 miles along the longest sea roads of Polynesia, like the one between Hawai’i and Tahiti.
When was the first Polynesian canoe made?
The canoe dates to approximately A.D. 1400 and was contemporary with continuing interisland voyaging. It was built in New Zealand as an early adaptation to a new environment, and a sea turtle carved on its hull makes symbolic connections with wider Polynesian culture and art.
What are the names of the 7 canoes?
The seven waka that arrived to Aotearoa were called Tainui, Te Arawa, Mātaatua, Kurahaupō, Tokomaru, Aotea and Tākitimu.
How are Hawaiian canoes made?
First, the ends of the tree were carved to form the bow (ihu) and the stern (muli). The bow is the front part of a canoe (or any boat or ship) and the stern is the back part. Next, the sides and the bottom of the canoe were hewn down. The canoe was then turned over so that its top could be flattened.