What two main issues do marine mammals face when they dive?

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What are some of the physical challenges faced by deep diving marine mammals?

Diving poses two major challenges for air-breathing animals: hypoxia (a shortage of oxygen) and hyperbaria (high pressure at depth).

What are two adaptations to deep diving that marine mammals use?

Deep Diving

Use oxygen more efficiently. They fill their lungs and exchange 90% of their air in each breath, have high blood volume, and their blood chemistry allows greater oxygen retention (the high red blood cell count and increased myoglobin make their muscle tissue and blood dark red).

How do marine mammals survive under the water?

The mammals have other physical adaptations that help them survive the depths when they exhaust available oxygen in their lungs, including a high amount of proteins in blood and muscle that bind oxygen and a higher ratio of red to white blood cells.

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What adaptations do marine mammals have?

One of the major behavioral adaptations of marine mammals is their ability to swim and dive. Pinnipeds swim by paddling their flippers while sirenians and cetaceans move their tails or flukes up and down. Some marine mammals can swim at relatively high speeds.

How do marine mammals deal with pressure?

These air sinuses of the head have an extensive vasculature, which is thought to function in a manner similar to that of the middle ear and facilitate equilibration of air pressure within these spaces. Lastly, most marine mammals lack frontal cranial sinuses like those present in terrestrial mammals.

What are some challenges that dolphins face?

Unfortunately, whales and dolphins continue to be threatened by:

  • whaling,
  • entanglement in fishing gear (by-catch),
  • climate change,
  • ship strikes,
  • toxic contamination,
  • oil and gas development, and.
  • habitat degradation.

What problems do dolphins face?

Threats and Challenges

Dolphins are under threat worldwide, mainly human generated threats. Two of the biggest issues are entanglement in fishing gear and nets, and pollution. Dolphins often pursue the same fish species that commercial fishing ships are hunting and may get accidentally caught in their nets.

What are a few of the marine mammal adaptations that allow them to dive deep and stay underwater for long periods of time?

Special properties of an oxygen-binding protein in the muscles of marine mammals, such as seals, whales and dolphins, are the reason these animals can hold their breath underwater for long periods of time, according to a new study. … In fact, the amount was so high in the muscle that it almost looked black in color.

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What is an adaptation that marine mammals have evolved that allows them to Thermoregulate?

Fur insulates most efficiently when it’s dry because it traps air, a good insulator. Water, in contrast, is a pretty efficient heat conductor; it transfers heat away from a body some 25 times faster than air.

What adaptations enable a whale to conserve oxygen while underwater?

These adaptations enable a baleen whale to conserve oxygen while underwater. Baleen whales, like other mammals, have a slower heart rate while diving. When diving, blood is shunted away from tissues tolerant of low oxygen levels toward the heart, lungs, and brain, where oxygen is needed most.